Academics

 

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Student Services - Handbook Information

Academic Department Programs and Courses

 

Courses listed are not guaranteed to be offered and others not listed may be added. Deletions and additions can be determined by contacting your counselor.

Applied Technology

Automotive Technology Partnership: G.C.C.: Grade 12, 3 Semesters, 3 Credits
This partnership with Glendale Community College (GCC) enables students to complete a sequence of basic required automotive courses beginning the summer between their Junior and Senior years of high school. Students are expected to successfully complete a sequence of three courses including:

  • AUT 097 - General automotive Maintenance (Summer)
  • AUT 101AA - Internal Combustion Engines Theory (Fall)
  • AUT 130 - Automotive Quick Service (Spring)

 

These courses are held at GCC and students can earn up to nine (9) college credits and three (3) high school elective credits by completing the summer class as well as classes in fall and spring of their Senior year. During the spring, interested students will have the opportunity to apply for entrance into one of three factory-sponsored training programs, Chrysler, GM and Ford, located at GCC. This is a unique opportunity for students interested in the automotive industry to transition smoothly from school to advanced training and the world of work.

Drafting 1-2/CAD: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course covers principles fundamental to the making and reading of mechanical drawings. The drawings will be produced using both manual equipment and computer-aided design systems. Some of the units covered are as follows: multiview projection, technical geometry, dimensioning, engineering problem solving, sheet metal development, computer generated graphs and charts and product design. The student will also study the communication systems of today's world. The Drafting Program is articulated with the opportunity to earn community college credit.

Architectural Drafting/CAD: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Drafting 1-2/CAD
Students are given opportunities to investigate architecture as a profession and architectural drafting, building construction and building trades as possible occupations. It also furnishes worthwhile information in planning and selecting homes. The students will be required to draw a set of working plans of their own design. The student will spend much of his/her time using the computer-aided design system and other computer systems in the drafting lab. The drafting program is articulated with the opportunity to earn community college credit.

Mechanical Drafting/CAD: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Drafting 1-2/CAD
Focus of this drafting course is on advanced mechanical drafting as well as architectural design. Students learn more sophisticated drafting techniques on the board, as well as on AutoCAD software. Successful students may earn drafting credits at Glendale Community College. The Drafting Program is articulated with the opportunity to earn community college credit.

Introtech 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
IntroTech is designed to provide students with a broad exploratory experience in the world of technology. Students work individually and in groups using fundamental scientific principles to solve real world problems. The course provides students the opportunity to study technological systems including energy/power, manufacturing/construction, transportation, and communications. IntroTech uses a unique approach that involves a series of modules, which allow a student to work in selected areas of interest. Each activity emphasizes the importance of applied academic skills in reading, mathematics and oral communication. Students are expected to develop skills in problem solving, teamwork, critical thinking, research, planning and responsibility.

IntroTech 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
The IntroTech 3-4 course is a more complex level of solving real-world technical problems than students encountered in IntroTech 1-2. This complexity allows students the opportunity to use more advanced mathematical and scientific reasoning with hands-on applications. The IntroTech 3-4 student is also given greater opportunities to develop entry-level technical skills in areas such as computer science, mechanics, electronics and structures. The IntroTech program can be the beginning of a great foundation for those students interested in engineering, architecture, computer science and other technological fields.

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Business

Accounting 1-2: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students learn accounting principles by analyzing and recording business transactions. The students will learn:

  • to manage the records of a business using automated accounting software
  • skills that will make them employable
  • knowledge and skills that will be used in college, business, and many careers.

 

Accounting is an excellent opportunity to gain real world experience about business and to prepare for employment in any business, finance, accounting or computerized field.

Advanced Accounting: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Accounting 1-2
Students increase their employability and accounting background. The student will learn:

  • corporate accounting
  • managerial accounting
  • cost accounting
  • departmentalized accounting.

 

Students will increase their employability and potential for success in college business programs.

Business Computer Applications: Grades 9-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
This is a "hands on" computer course designed to teach students how to use the computer and software packages as tools for business, college and personal use. You will learn to:

  • use advanced word processing skills
  • use desktop publishing skills to combine text and graphics
  • use database software to design, create, and edit a database
  • use database software to create columnar and custom reports
  • use database software to retrieve selected records
  • use spreadsheet software for analyzing data and problem solving
  • use spreadsheet software for analyzing data and problem solving
  • use spreadsheet software to create business graphics
  • use the Internet for research

 

It is highly recommended that all students acquire keyboarding, formatting and word processing skills prior to enrollment.

CISCO Networking Academy 1-4: Grades 11-12, 4 Semesters, 2 Credits
A four-semester course designed to teach and certify students to design, build and maintain computer networks. The course focuses on network equipment, design and operation through hands-on activities such as wiring and cabling and Cisco-prepared computer-assisted instruction. This course introduces students to basic and advanced networking concepts such as IP addressing, the OSI model, network topologies, industry standards and routing. Final assessment entails setting up an operable LAN. At the completion of this course, students may take the two-day Cisco-sponsored certification test. Success on this test assures employers that a certified student knows how to build and maintain a network.

Introduction to Business: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students learn everyday business practices for personal or business use by participating in active simulations. They will experience handling a checking account, applying for credit, buying insurance, finding and applying for a job, computer technology, understanding investments, communication skills, understanding the variety of ways businesses are organized, and developing consumer skills. Introduction to Business enables students to participate in realistic business world activities and to develop personal financial skills. Recommended as an introductory course for the Business Program.

Keyboarding 1: Grades 9-12, 1 Semesters, 1/2 Credit
Students learn basic keyboarding skills using the touch-typing method. Keyboarding 1 is is a fast-paced, one-semester course designed to satisfy the requirements of other curricular areas that demand keyboarding skills for classroom assignments. Students will learn to type: personal and business letters, resumes, employment documents, reports.

It is highly recommended for incomming freshmen who have completed junior high keyboarding, as well as the beginning keyboarding student. It is also recommended for those college-bound students lacking word processing skills.

Keyboarding 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students learn basic keyboarding skills that are necessary in today's technological world using the touch-typing method. Keyboarding 1-2 is basic preparation for other business/computer courses, personal use and college. The course incorporates realistic business applications utilizing the computer. It also builds on the speed and accuracy necessary to meet the business world requirements. Course work includes: letters, tables, employment documents, personal correspondence, reports, memos, research papers.

Marketing: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This is a challenging class that explores interesting career opportunities. Marketing involves determining customer needs and deciding how best to satisfy those needs. This is a class for those interested in: selling, pricing, distribution, advertising, computer technology, owning your own business, business management, employability skills, and market research. Marketing prepares the students for retail careers and the senior internship program.

Advanced Marketing (DECA): Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Student must be enrolled in Advanced Marketing Field
Students must qualify for part-time employment and work a minimum of 15 hours a week in a marketing or distributing business. In both the classroom and the business, the students receive training in such vocational areas as selling, merchandise information, duties related to preparing merchandise for sale, and management concepts.

Advanced Marketing Field (DECA): Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Student must be enrolled in Advanced Marketing.

Multimedia Computer applications Grades 9-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
Business Computer Applications is not a prerequisite for this course.
This is a "hands on" computer course designed to teach students how to use the computer and software packages as tools for business, college and personal use. You will learn to:

  • use drawing/graphic software to design illustrations and presentations
  • use presentation software (i.e. PowerPoint)
  • use multimedia tools such as a digital camera, scanner and video camera with accompanying software
  • use Internet applications including e-mail and web page development and design

 

It is highly recommended that all students acquire keyboarding, formatting and word processing skills prior to enrollment.

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Family and Consumer Sciences

Foods 1: Grades 9-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
Healthy living depends on choosing the right kinds of foods and proper preparation techniques. Foods 1 students learn the basic nutrition needed for good health. Lab work is done in cooperative groups as students learn to plan and prepare foods.

Foods 2: Grades 9-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
Prerequisites: Foods 1
This course is for students who are interested in learning advanced cooking techniques. Included are units on healthy food choices and creative food presentation.

Culinary Arts 1-2: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 credit
Prerequisite: Foods 1-2
This class is designed to introduce and prepare students with the academic and workplace industry standard skills needed for hospitality and food production. The focus is on preparation for careers in industries such as hotels, meeting centers, educational facilities, recreation/parks and cruise lines.

Culinary Arts 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 credit
Prerequisite: Culinary Arts 1-2
Students will learn advanced academic and workplace industry skills for hospitality and food production. Students will have the opportunity to complete industry internship hours and then may take the National Restaurant Association Industry Certification Test.

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Medical Occupations

Certified Nursing Assistant 1-2 (CNA): Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Student must be enrolled in Certified Nursing Assistant 1-2 Field
This course is designed in conjunction with Thunderbird Medical Center. The course focuses on understanding skills and concepts such as disease prevention and patient care. A wide variety of hands-on activities ensure that students are able to perform basic nursing assistant tasks. Real-world experience is provided at Thunderbird Medical Center where students work side by side with hospital staff in a variety of jobs. The course culminates in all students being prepared to take the State of Arizona Certified Nursing Assistant examination. Entry into the program involves a tour of the hospital, an information session, and an interview process.

Certified Nursing Assistant 1-2 Field (CNA): Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Student must be enrolled in Certified Nursing Assistant 1-2.

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English Language Learner Program(ELL)

ELL Speaking: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Elective Credit
Prerequisites: Limited english proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL Reading and ELL Writing unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL Speaking is the development of speaking and listening skills for beginning English learners. Students are taught to pronounce words clearly, follow oral directions and commands, and respond appropriately to oral questions. the students are also taught to use target vocabulary and simple grammatical forms correctly while speaking on a variety of topics and in a variety of situations, such as spontaneous conversation, prepared dialogues and impromptu and prepared speeches.

ELL Writing: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Elective Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL Speaking and ELL Reading unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL Writing is the development of writing skills for beginning English learners. Students are taught simple and compound sentence structure, usage, and mechanics, and the correct use of target vocabulary in context is emphasized. Composition pieces introduced include a brief personal narrative and/or poem, short summary of factual information, personal letter, brief personal information card, simple application, and explanatory paragraph.

ELL Reading: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Elective Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL Speaking and ELL Writing unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL Reading is the development of oral and silent reading skills for beginning English learners. Students are taught reciprocal reading strategies for both fiction and non-fiction. Extensive vocabulary, selected literary terms, and selected literary elements are introduced. Students are also taught to analyze both fiction and non-fiction for overall meaning and to use bilingual and English dictionaries.

ELL Reading 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Elective Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL English 1-2 unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL Reading 1-2 is the development of reciprocal teaching strategies for both fiction and non-fiction. The study of literature is introduced by reading short stories, poetry, novels and/or plays. Students are taught to analyze the short story and poetry for literary elements, figurative language, and overall meaning. Effective oral and written communication skills are also taught. In conjunction with ELL English 1-2, this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards and will prepare students for AIMS (Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards) reading test.

ELL Reading 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Elective Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL English 3-4 unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL Reading 3-4 is the development of reciprocal teaching strategies for both fiction and non-fiction. The study of literature is continued by reading short stories, poetry, novels and or plays. Students are taught to analyze the short story and poetry for literary elements, figurative language, and overall meaning. Effective oral and written communication skills are also taught. In conjunction with ELL English 3-4, this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards and will prepare students for AIMS (Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards) reading test.

ELL English 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Lang Arts Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL Reading 1-2 unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL English 1-2 is the development of English writing proficiency along with effective oral presentation skills and reading strategies. The composition pieces include the explanatory essay, summary, personal narrative, and personal letter. Students also learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing and locate resources in the media center,. In conjunction with ELL Reading 1-2, this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards and will prepare sutdents for AIMS (Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards) writing test.

ELL English 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Lang Arts Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department; concurrent enrollment in ELL Reading 3-4 unless such placement is waived by the ELL Department.
The focus of ELL English 3-4 is the development of English writing proficiency along with effective oral presentation skills and reading strategies. The composition pieces include the persuasive essay, persuasive report, poem or expressive piece, resume, cover letter, application form, and workplace documents, such as memo and letter of complaint. Students also learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing and locate resources in the media center. In conjunction with ELL Reading 3-4, this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic standards and will prepare students for AIMS (Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards) writing test.

ELL Resaurce: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Elective Credit
Prerequisites: Limited English proficiency as determined by assessment; placement based on the recommendation of ELL Department.
The focus of ELL Resource is to provide academic support for LEP (Limited English Proficiency) students in mainstream classes. Study skills and test taking strategies are taught, and access to computers is available at selected sites. this course may be repeated for credit.

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Foreign Language

Foreign Language Level 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
The first year foreign language course enables students to function at a novice level of proficiency in the four skills of language acquisition: speaking, writing, reading, and listening. Basic grammar structures are learned so that the student can communicate in the present moment in simple survival situations. Cultural aspects of the people and countries where the target language is spoken are explored through a variety of activities including videos, music, and enrichment activities.

  • French 1-2
  • German 1-2
  • Japanese 1-2
  • Spanish 1-2

 

Foreign Language Level 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Passing Level 1-2 or teacher recommendation
The second year foreign language course expands upon the student's proficiency skills of speaking, writing, reading, and listening with emphasis on describing personal activities in the simple past. Further investigation of the cultural aspects of the people and countries where the target language is spoken are explored.

  • French 3-4
  • German 3-4
  • Japanese 3-4
  • Spanish 3-4

 

Foreign Language Accelerated Level 5-6: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Successful achievement in Level 3-4 or teacher approval
Accelerated honor credit
The student's proficiency in the language skills of speaking, writing, reading, and listening are further enhanced by focusing on detailed descriptions of memorable events in the past. A focus on accurate language usage begins the two year preparation for the college placement exam thus granting accelerated credit to this third year course. Investigation into more detailed cultural aspects of the target language's country and people are explored.

  • Accelerated French 5-6
  • Accelerated German 5-6
  • Accelerated Spanish 5-6
  • Accelerated Japanese 5-6

 

Foreign Language Advanced Placement Level: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Successful achievement in Accelerated Level 5-6 or teacher approval.
Accelerated honor credit
Advanced Placement foreign language is designed to prepare students to pass the College Board's Advanced Placement examinations, which may grant college credit from most colleges and universities. Intense preparation is performed in the four language skill areas with students reading authentic language articles and modern short stories, writing extended essays and short plays, and listening to authentic language excerpts leading to a high level of comprehension and communication. Further cultural studies with authentic materials are explored.

  • Advanced Placement French
  • Advanced Placement German
  • Advanced Placement Spanish
  • Accelerated Japanese 7-8 (Prepares students to pass the College-Level Examination Program (CLEP) test which may grant college credit from most colleges and universities.)

 

Note: The above AP courses are contingent upon enrollment numbers.

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Language Arts

 

 

Regular and Accelerated English 1 through 8 are aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards and will prepare students for AIMS (Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards).

 

 

English 1-2: Grade 9, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Composition units focus on writing the personal narrative, expository essay, summary of a factual article, and the letter. Students learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing. A study by genre introduces the students to literature. Students are taught to read closely and analyze poetry and the short story for literary elements. In addition to these subjects, high school study skills, oral presentation skills, and test taking skills are taught, and an introduction to the use of the media center is included.

Accelerated English 1-2: Grade 9, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation
An intensified program of study, this course introduces the skills needed for critical reading and written analysis of literature. Specific literary types such as the short story, non-fiction, the novel, drama, and poetry are studied. Composition instruction stresses mastery of expository essay forms. Emphasis is also placed on intensive review of usage and mechanics, vocabulary development, oral presentation skills, and the use of research skills.

English 3-4: Grade 10, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Composition units focus on writing the persuasive essay, research report, and workplace documents.. Students are taught to apply correct language conventions in their writing. A study by genre introduces the students to literature. Students are taught to read closely and analyze poetry and the short story for literary elements. Other literary forms, including novels and drama, are also read and analyzed. A media center research unit is included, as well as a unit on oral presentation skills.

Accelerated English 3-4: Grade 10, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation
An intensified program of study, this course includes extensive practice in various essay forms, and an introduction to media center research. Emphasis is placed on critical reading and analysis of a variety of literary forms which include the short story, novel, drama, and poetry. The students review correct language conventions, develop vocabulary skills as they relate to the study of literature, and develop oral presentation skills.

English 5-6: Grade 11, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Composition units focus on the comparison-contrast essay and process essay. A research unit is included with instruction on the research process and documentation of sources. Students are taught to use the processes of revision and editing to apply correct language conventions in their writing. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of essays, biographies, poems, short stories, plays, and novels primarily from American literature. Students are also expected to improve their oral presentation skills.

Accelerated English 5-6: Grade 11, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation
An intensified program of study, this accelerated course emphasizes the development of skills in critical reading, writing, and thinking in preparation for Advanced Placement English. The course focuses on a variety of contemporary and classical literary forms such as the essay, biography, short stories, novels, drama, and poetry. The writing process is applied in the writing of formal essays, literary criticisms and documented research papers. Oral presentation skills are emphasized.

English 7-8: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Composition units focus on a literary analysis essay, evaluation essay, and workplace documents. A research unit is included with instruction on the research process and documentation of sources. Students are taught to use the processes of revision and editing to apply correct language conventions in their writing. Emphasis is placed on the interpretation of essays, biographies, poems, short stories, plays, and novels primarily from English literature.

Advanced Placement English: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation
Advanced Placement English provides the accelarated college-bound English student with three unique advantages: The student studies challenging college level works of recognized literary merit, strengthens power and precision in organizing and expressing ideas in college-level essay writing, and takes the Advanced Placement Examination in English. The student who scores well on the examination can receive up to a full year of English credit from most colleges.

Communication Arts 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Communication Arts 1-2 is designed to develop the proficiency and confidence of the student in formal and informal communication situations. Small and large group discussions, interpersonal communication, problem solving, and oral interpretation are some of the units covered. Effective methods of preparation and presentation are among the skills that the student learns. Students considering careers in law, education, politics, fine arts, sales, broadcasting, or public relations will find the course valuable.

Communication Arts 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Communication Arts 1-2 or teacher recommendation.
Communication Arts 3-4 provides students with a variety of opportunities to refine and further develop the basic communication skills presented in communication Arts 1-2, while focusing on speech forensic events and group presentations and discussions. Areas covered include readers' theatre productions, competitive speaking, dual interpretations, news broadcasting, interviewing techniques, vocabulary development, speeches for special presentations, and after-dinner speaking.

Journalism 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students learn newspaper production with special emphasis on the following areas: news, feature, editorial and sports writing; headline writing and typography; editing and copy reading; page makeup and design; advertising; press law and responsibility. Optional units of study include history of journalism and broadcasting. This course is designed to prepare students for successful publication of the school newspaper.

Journalism 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Journalism 1-2 or teacher recommendation
Journalism 3-4 students produce the school newspaper as a laboratory instrument. This class includes practical application of newspaper production skills such as planning, editing, financing and distributing the paper, writing headlines and stories, and designing pages. Other units of study include research techniques and analysis of current events and the professional communications media. Maturity, responsibility and willingness to work and meet deadlines are required personal attributes. At some schools students also publish newsletters, write for the local newspapers, produce a literary magazine and a 5-minute video newscast, and write and print a school calendar.

Journalism 5-6: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Journalism 3-4 and teacher recommendation
Journalism 5-6, with emphasis on advanced newspaper production, is offered to students who wish to explore the field of journalism for a third year, generally in management or editorial-level positions. Students learn procedures for submitting articles and photographs for professional publication and investigate career opportunities in the professional media or in journalism education.

Journalism 7-8: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Journalism 5-6 and teacher recommendation
Journalism 7-8 emphasizes refinement of learned skills and is offered to students who may be planning to pursue a career in the field. Additional units of study include communication law, graphic designing and consumer surveying. Students are encouraged to submit work to professional publications.

Theatre Arts 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Designed to introduce the student to the basic elements of theatrical arts, this course includes units on acting, technical theatre, history directing, and drama as literature. Activities for the class include pantomime, voice, dialect study, set construction, painting, lights, sound, and play analysis through in-class performance and written work.

Theatre Arts 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Theatre Arts 1-2, or teacher recommendation
This course emphasizes practical application of the basic skills of the theatre arts introduced in 1-2. Additional units in advanced acting techniques, mime, improvisation, make-up, lights, sound, and set design are included. Individual growth in all areas relating to theatre arts in the school and the community is encouraged through performance, written work, outside reading and attendance of outside productions. As in all theatre classes, emphasis will be on demonstration and practical experience in a workshop atmosphere.

Theatre Arts 5-6: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Theatre Arts 3-4 and/or teacher recommendation
This advanced course for career minded theatre students is a performance oriented course in which the skills and knowledge acquired in Theatre Arts 1-2 and 3-4 are used. Advanced work in acting, directing, make-up, and other stage crafts is included. Students will be active in production work throughout the year by working on scenes, plays, and audition monologues.

Theatre Arts 7-8: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Theatre Arts 5-6 and/or teacher recommendation
Designed for seniors with a career interest in the theatre, this advanced theatre course emphasizes instruction and practice in production work--technical, acting, and directing. Emphasis is placed on the individual's major interest in the field of theatre. Careers in radio, television, and motion pictures will be explored in addition to careers in theatre.

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Mathematics

 

 

Regular and Accelerated Math 1 through 4 are aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards and will prepare students for AIMS (Arizona's Instrument to Measure Standards).

 

 

Math 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Arizona Mathematics Standards for eighth grade graduation
This is the first of two courses that, in part, comply with the Arizona Mathematics Standards document mandated and published by the Arizona Department of Educaton. Students are taught the concepts of algebra, basic probability, and beginning statistics and data analysis. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. Mathematical literacy will be addressed through a comprehensive reading and writing component.

Math 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Mastery of all Math 1-2 course outcomes
This is the second of two courses that, upon completion, satisfy the requirements as set forth in the Arizona Mathematics Standards document. Students are taught the concepts and applications of geometry, some beginning trigonometry, and beginning geometric probablility. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skillls and their application within and without the field of mathematics. Mathematical literacy will be addressed through a comprehensive reading and writing component. Successful completion of the Math 1-2 and Math 3-4 courses fulfills the Arizona Board of Regents Mathematics competency requirements. Additional requirements must be met to enter Arizona universities and for the endorsement

Accelerated Math 1-4: Grades 9-10, 2 Semesters, 2 Credits
Prerequisites: Mastery of the Arizona Mathematics Standards for eighth grade graduation and successful completion of a beginning algebra course (Math 1-2).
This course is designed to study the Math 1-2 and Math 3-4 curriculum in more depth and with greater rigor. Upon successful completion, students are awarded two credits, one for Math 1-2 and one for Math 3-4. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. Mathematical literacy will be addressed through a comprehensive reading and writing component.

Math 5-6: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Math 3-4
This course is a continuation of the algebra and related topics found in Math 3-4. It is one of the "Additional Courses Required for University Admission," as specified by the Board of Regents, and is required for the endorsement. Outcomes for this course describe the skills and concepts which include, exponentiation, logarithms, sequences, trigonometry and other topics normally found in an Intermediate Algebra course at most colleges and universities.

Accelerated Math 5-6: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Accelerated Math 1-4 or Math 3-4 with teacher recommendation
In addition to topics included in Math 5-6, this course includes the study of circular functions and extended topics in trigonometry.

Pre-Calculus: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Math 5-6
This course also attends to the entrance requirements for Arizona universities, and is required for the endorsement. It includes topics traditionally included in a College Algebra course, which are, among others, algebra, trigonometry, analytic geometry, functions, matrices, circular and logarithmic functions. This course provides the necessary instruction for a smooth transition to Calculus.

Accelerated Pre-Calculus: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Accelerated Math 5-6 or Math 5-6 with teacher recommendation
This course is a college preparatory course for those students who plan to take Calculus. This course covers all the Pre-Calculus topics in more depth and with greater rigor, as well as additional topics. Like the regular Pre-Calculus class, this meets the entrance requirements for Arizona universities.

Advanced Placement Calculus: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Pre-Calculus or Accelerated Pre-Calculus
This course consists of a full academic year of work in calculus and related topics comparable to first semester courses in colleges and universities. All students are required to take the College Board's examination for this subject. Success on this exam will grant, to the student, credit or advanced placement at many colleges and universities.

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Music

Band - Beginning (Brass, woodwind, percussion): Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This class is designed for any student who has a desire to play a band instrument. A limited number of instruments are available. The course consists of instruction in the fundamentals of music notation, the development of fundamental playing skills, tone production and development of proper attitude. This course may be repeated for credit.

Band - Intermediate: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
PREREQUISITES: One year of beginning band and/or audition by director
Activities may include marching in football games and parades, performing in concerts, etc. The course includes continued development of music reading skills, further development of technique, increased emphasis on tone production and intonation, development of attitude with emphasis on group participation. Elements of music theory and music listening are included. Attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Band - Advanced: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
PREREQUISITES: One or more years of band experience and/or audition by director
Activities include marching in football games and parades, performing in concerts, music festivals, pep rallies, assemblies, etc. The course includes development of sight reading skill, development of fluent technique, perfection of tone and intonation with emphasis on ensemble quality, acceptance of all responsibilities of group participation. Elements of theory, music listening, and music history are included. Attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Jazz Ensemble: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Audition by the instructor
This course is designed for those students who have an interest in performing jazz/jazz-rock literature. Course includes development of sight reading skills in various jazz styles, ensemble playing, rhythmic interpretation and improvisation methods. Acceptance of all responsibilities of group participation and attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Orchestra: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Aproval of director
Student in the beginning to advanced levels of development will receive instruction in the basic fundamentals of string instruments; bowing, technique and tone production. Student may be required to provide his/her own instrument. Attendence at all performances required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Choir 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course is designed to give each student the basic fundamentals of vocal production and part singing. The students also learn basic music notation and sight singing. Attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Choir 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course is designed to continue the student's training in proper vocal production and part singing. The literature presented will be more difficult than that studied in choir 1-2. Attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Concert Choir: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Audition
Students chosen for this choir demonstrate good tone production, sight singing ability, and a desire to sing music of a worthwhile quality. A continued emphasis is placed on vocal development and sight singing skills. Attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

Vocal Ensemble: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Audition
The members of the vocal ensemble will learn and perform the finest of choral literature. Music of a variety of periods will be studied. All students have the opportunity to sing solos and to sing in small ensembles. Attendance at all performances is required. This course may be repeated for credit.

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Naval Science (NJROTC)

The Naval Science course, under the Naval Junior Reserve Officers Training Corps program(NJROTC), is based on meeting the needs of today's high school student. While military oriented, the purpose of the course is to instill in each student the values of citizenship, service to the United States, personal responsibility, and a sense of accomplishment. The objectives of the class are to: promote patriotism; develop informed and responsible citizens; promote habits of orderliness and precision; develop respect for constituted authority; and develop a high degree of personal honor, self-reliance, individual discipline and leadership. Additionally, the course promotes an understanding of the basic elements and requirements for national security; develops respect for and understand the need for authority in a democratic society, provides incentives to live healthy and drug free; develops leadership potential; promotes high school completion; and provides information on the military services as a possible career. All enrolled students are encouraged to participate in numerous field trip opportunities available throughout the school year. Naval Science is open to all students, with regular academic credit toward graduation. Although the course is designed as a four-year program of instruction with entry normally at the freshman and sophomore level, adjustments can be made and credit granted for each semester completed. Students taking Naval Science are eligible for participation in the course related co-curricular activities which may include the drill teams, color guard, air rifle and air pistol teams, orienteering team, academic team, community service activities, and Rocket Club. Students who complete a minimum of two years of Naval Science may receive advanced status and increased pay should they decide to enlist in any branch of the Armed Forces. Several scholarship opportunities are available to the military service academies and selected Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) colleges and universities. No military service obligation is incurred by taking any Naval Science course.

Naval Science 1-2: Grades 9-11, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
The student is introduced to the Naval Science program. Subjects include: Introduction to the NJROTC Program, Introduction to Leadership, Citizenship, The Foundations of our Government, Navy Ships and Aircraft, Introduction to Military customs and courtesies, Wearing the Naval Uniform, and an Introduction to Military Drill and Ceremonies.

Naval Science 3-4: Grades 10-11, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Naval Science 1-2 or Senior Instructor recommendation.
The student is exposed to an intermediate level within the Naval Science program. Subjects include: Maritime History, Maritime Geography; Oceanography; Meteorology and Weather; Astronomy, Physical Sciences, and advanced Military Drill and Ceremonies.

Naval Science 5-6: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Naval Science 3-4 or Senior Instructor recommendation.
The student is instructed at an advanced level within the Naval Science program, Subjects include: Sea Power and National Security, Naval Operations and Support Functions, Military Law, International Law and the Sea, Ship Construction and Damage Control, Shipboard Organization, Basic Seamanship, Introduction to Time and Navigation, Nautical Rules of the Road, Naval Weapons, and supervision of Military Drill and ceremonies.

Naval Science 7-8: Grades 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Naval Science 5-6 or Senior Instructor recommendation.
The student is placed in a leadership role within the Naval Science program. As senior students their responsibilities are similar to those of junior officers in the Navy. Subjects include: Human Motivation, Group Dynamics, Leadership Techniques, Responsibilities and Qualities of a Leader, and Achieving Effective Communication. Additionally, students are expected to assist the Naval Science Instructors in the regular conduct of classes; act as drill instructors, plan, organize, and conduct extra-curricular activities; plan, prepare, and present lessons in certain academic areas, as well as evaluate subordinates performance and potential, including morale, behavior and performance of their particular class.

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Non-Departmental

Aspire-to-Teach: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This class is to provide high school students, potentially interested in becoming teachers, with first hand classroom experience needed to inform and shape occupational choices. The class will consist of instruction from a Master teacher and practicum in real classrooms. this course may be repeated for credit.

Leadership and Communication: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Election to Student Council, class office or permission of the teacher.
This course is designed to provide students with an awareness of the intricacies of representative government and communications through direct involvement with both processes. Classroom instruction is combined with leadership experience through student council meetings, committee meetings and projects. This course may be repeated for credit.

Library Media Services: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students will be trained to assist in various aspects of Media Center operation and organization. Students will also be working with computers and AV equipment. Since public relations skills are important in the Media Center, students should be enthusiastic, reliable and self-directed. Library Media Services students are graded on their attitude, attendence, efficiency, responsibilities and tests. This course may be repeated for credit.

Peer Tutoring: Grades 9-12, 1 or 2 Semesters, 1/2 or 1 Credit
Peer tutors will receive diagnostic and instructional training. Skills acquired from this training will be used to assist students in one-on-one and small group instructional situations. The goal of every peer tutor will be to ensure that each client receives the additional help he needs in meeting the objectives or outcomes for his class(es). Peer tutors will be assigned according to local school needs. This course may be repeated for credit.

Programming 1-2/Visual BASIC: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: None
The student will learn how to write computer programs to solve mathematical and business problems on a microcomputer. The student will also use problem-solving techniques to write programs in the Visual BASIC language. This course will prepare the student for more advanced computer programming courses. Students will study topics such as algorithm design, arrays, and sequential and random files.

Advanced Placement Computer Science: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Programming 2 - or teacher approval
This course is designed to cover the first two semesters of computer science at major universities. Depending on the student's level of success on the College Board's Advanced Placement Exam, college credit of up to 6 hours and advanced standing may be obtained. The major emphasis of this course is on programming methodology, algorithms, and data structures. The language of Java is used in applications to develop student awareness of the need for particular algorithms and data structures as well as to provide topics for programming assignments to which students can apply their knowledge.

Publication Production (Yearbook): Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Teacher Approval
Reliable students with time to devote to producing the school yearbook are encouraged to sign up for this class. Units include writing copy, designing pages, and organizing the book. Meeting deadlines is vitally important to insure books are delivered on time. Mastery of typing, graphic arts, journalism, or photography is recommended. Other publications such as handbooks or magazines may be produced and photography skills may be taught at some schools. This course may be repeated for credit.

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Physical Education

 

 

The wearing of a uniform is required in ALL PE classes.

 

 

Physical Education 1-2: Grade 9, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course is designed to provide students with physical fitness awareness and skills as well as a variety of activities for the first year physical education student. Physical fitness instruction will be provided and measured using a selection of fitness tests. Skill instruction is given in the basic fundamentals of team sports and rhythms. Fitness activities and co-educational units are included in the course.

Advanced Physical Education: Grade 10-12, 1 or 2 Semesters, 1/2 or 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Physical Education 1-2
This course can be taken for 1 semester or the full year and is designed to improve skill techniques and to offer leisure and/or lifetime activities. Throughout the year students will be given a choice of activities most of which are co-educational. Some of the activities that may be offered are: Aerobic Conditioning, Archery, Badminton, Basketball, Field Hockey, Fitness Activities, Flag Football, Golf, Gymnastics, Racquetball, Slimnastics, Soccer, Softball, Square Dance, Swimming, Track, Volleyball, Weight Training and Yoga. This course may be repeated for credit.

Adaptive Physical Education: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 credit
Prerequisite: Physician's Statement
This course requires a doctor's written recommendation for the student to enroll. The course is designed to provide students who cannot participate in the regular physical education program, due to medical reasons, an opportunity to enjoy physical education. It will meet the specific needs of each student. This course may be repeated for credit.

Dance: Grade 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students will be introduced to a variety of dance forms which may include jazz, modern, ballet, lyrical, musical theater, tap, and ethnic. Classes will participate daily in fitness and conditioning exercises, floor combinations, and dance routines which will develop balance, strength, flexibility, coordination, agility, line and body control, rhythmical accuracy and versatility. Students will receive instruction in composition, improvisation, production, history and performance. Students will develop an appreciation of dance through participation, observation, and self-evaluation. This course may be repeated for credit.

Systematic Conditioning: Grade 10-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
Prerequisites: Must have completed 2 semesters of Physical Education
NOTE: Enrollment of sophomores on a space available basis as determined by local administration.
This course is designed to give the student an opportunity to develop their body systems into peak physical condition and appearance and to have the student understand how to maintain this level throughout life. Each student will develop an individualized program as the principles of conditioning and training are learned. Emphasis will be placed on increasing the muscular structure, running for stamina, physical training and weight controls. Classroom lectures and written tests on the body systems are included in the course. This course may be repeated for credit.

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Science

Thinking Science: Grade 9, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Concurrent registration in Math 1-2
Thinking Science is based on instruction in the Scientific Method--a logical problem solving process. Using problem-solving strategies, the scientific method, hands-on lab experiences and cooperative learning strategies, students acquire the abilities to do scientific inquiry and gain a knowledge base to support those inquiries. The Thinking Science content focuses primarily on Earth Science. The following units are included in Thinking Science.

  • Scientific Inquiry
  • Earth and Space Science
    • Plate Tectonics
    • Weather
    • Astronomy

 

The Thinking Science curriculum is aligned with the Arizona State Standards and this course is approved as a laboratory course for university admission.

Accelerated Thinking Science: Grade 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Teacher recommendation
Skills and concepts covered in the Thinking Science course (listed above) will be presented in greater depth.

Biology: Grade 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This is an introductory course in biological sciences. The central theme of this course is scientific investigation and the concepts of change and diversity. Students will acquire a knowledge base in:

  • Classification
  • Molecular biology
  • Energy production and use
  • Homeostasis
  • Change and diversity

 

The Biology curriculum is aligned with the Arizona State Standards and this course is approved as a laboratory course for university admission.

Accelerated Biology: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Teacher/Counselor recommendation and parent approval
Accelerated Biology classes cover basically the same topics covered in regular Biology, but in greater depth. These students also have the opportunity for in-depth research and science fair projects.

Advanced Placement Biology: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Biology, Chemistry; teacher recommendation is advised.
Recommended only for those seniors desiring to complete the advanced placement examination. The chemistry and biochemical processes of photosynthesis, cellular respiration, membrane structure and functions, enzyme activity, biomedical genetics, reproductive processes and embryogenesis are covered in depth. Also covered are Cellular Transport; Anatomy and Physiology of plants and animals; Ecology and Organic Adaptation. Recommended for those students who are planning a career in medicine, molecular biology, biochemistry, pharmacy, or pre-dental.

Chemistry: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Math 1-2
The central theme of this course is scientific investigation through hands-on laboratory experimentation and the use of conceptual models. A knowledge base will be acquired through units on:

  • Properties and composition of substances
  • Qualitative and quantitative relationships and measurements of energy.
  • Descriptions and predictions of the products of chemical reactions
  • Physical interactions of matter and energy

 

The Chemistry curriculum is aligned with the Arizona State Standards and this course is approved as a laboratory course for university admission.

Accelerated Chemistry: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisites: Grade of "2" or better in Math 1-2 and teacher recommendation
Accelerated Chemistry will cover a wider area of concepts than Chemistry. This class will be lab-oriented with open-ended experiments that will allow students to go beyond the basic principles. Students who need a strong background in Chemistry for their career needs should select this course.

Physics: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Recommendation: Math 3-4 with minimum grade of 3.0, or taking Math 5-6 concurrently
In physics, mathematical concepts are applied to solving problems and deriving laws to help explain natural behavior. Topics covered include: kinematics, dynamics, thermodynamics, wave motion, light, electrostatics, electric circuits, and electromagnetism. This course is needed by those students who plan on entering into a career involving: education, premedical, pre-dental, architecture, forestry, engineering, electronics, communication, chemistry or law.

Advanced Placement Physics: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Grade of "2" or better in Math 5-6
Advanced Placement Physics will cover the Advanced Placement curriculum with emphasis on modern theories such as quantum and relativity, and atomic and nuclear physics. The problem solving that is included in this course requires students to use analysis skills and apply knowledge from a broad range of formulas. This course is recommended for students desiring to complete the advanced placement examination.

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Social Studies

World History & Geography/Arizona Geography: Grade 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course is a survey of world history from Ancient Greece and Rome to the Modern Age. Students will be instructed to identify, describe, and explain key themes, events, terms, patterns, beliefs, causal relationships, and turning points in world history.

U.S. & Arizona History/Geography: Grade 11, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course is a survey of United states history from the American Revolution to the current issues of today. Students will be instructed to demonstrate analytical skills and have the ability to interpret significant patterns, themes, ideas, beliefs, and turning points in United States history.

Advanced Placement U.S. & AZ History: Grade 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course uses the College Board curriculum which is a survey of United States history from Colonial America through the Modern Era. The instruction of this course provides students with an in-depth study of United States history utilizing a college level text, primary and secondary sources, and the writing of free response and document based essays.

U.S. & Arizona Government/Economics: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course is a survey of United States governmental institutions as well as a study of the American economic system. Students will be instructed to reach an informed position and construct a thoughtful argument utilizing appropriate knowledge of government, economics, history, geography, and United States political institutions.

Advanced Placement U.S. & Arizona Government/Economics: Grade 12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This course uses the College Board curriculum which provides students with an in-depth study of United States governmental concepts as well as the principals of political behavior. The instruction of this course utilizes a college level text, primary and secondary sources, and the writing of free response essays.

Psychology: Grades 11-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
Introduction to psychology explores behavior. It will give students a scientific basis for understanding behavior and to have more insight into themselves and their environment through learning to better adapt, cope, react, set goals and make decisions. A sampling of areas of exploration would include: learning, motivation, creativity, emotion, personality, behavioral conditioning and mental illness.

Sociology: Grades 11-12, 1 Semester, 1/2 Credit
A social study of man, culture and society, cultural and social change and ethnic groups. It will encourage students to discover the basic structure of human society, identify the main forces that hold groups together or weaken them, learn the conditions that transform social life, and be aware of, and tolerant of, men in their relationships.

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Special Education Program

 

 

Community-Based

 

 

Community-Based Classes: Ungraded Secondary Program
Prerequisites: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual education Plan(IEP)
The focus of this full day program is on the Life Centered Career Education curriculum which includes the following units: Personal-Social Skills, Occupational Guidance Preparation, and Daily Living Skills. A student completed activities that involve transition from high school into various adult living situations consistent with the goals and objectives listed in his/her IEP. This program is based on the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act and is for students who have significant disabilities and will continue their education until age 22. Students will complete AIMS-A

 

 

Learning Skills

 

 

Learning Skills: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Student must have a present Individual Education Plan (IEP) in place before enrolling in this course.
The focus of learning skills is on completion of general classroom assignments and transitions activities as required in each student's IEP. Transition activities may include but are not limited to the following: self-advocacy skills, development of a course of study, identification of needed inter-agency links, completion of career occupational searches, completion of post secondary school searches, understanding banking procedures, understanding transportation options, understanding voter registration and selective service procedures, and an introduction to types of social/recreation programs in the community. This course may be repeated each year in high school for elective credit. This course is aligned with the transition requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act.

Math Reasoning: Grades 9-10, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Student must have a present Individual Education Plan (IEP) in place and have failed Math 1 before enrolling in this course.
This course complies with the Arizona Mathematics Standards document mandated and published by the Arizona Department of Education. Students are taught the concepts of algebra, basic probability, and beginning statistics and data analysis. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. Mathematical literacy will be addressed through a comprehensive reading and writing component.

 

 

Life Skills

 

 

LCCE Reading 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE Reading 1-2 is the development of oral and silent reading proficiency. Students are taught vocabulary knowledge, decoding strategies, and comprehension strategies for both fiction and non-fiction sentences and paragraphs. this course will rely on structured phonics reading programs such as the SRA Corrective Reading Series. this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE Reading 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Student must have a present Individual Education Plan (IEP) in place before enrolling in this course.
The focus of LCCE Reading 3-4 is the development of oral and silent reading proficiency. Students are taught vocabulary knowledge, decoding strategies, and comprehension strategies for both fiction and non-fiction. Skill development includes applying knowledge of parts of story to a reading selection such as identifying fact vs. fiction, main character, setting, theme, plot, conflict, and sequencing. Required readings include: Island of the Blue Dolphins, Walk Two Moons. In conjunction with LCCE Reading 1-2, this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE Reading 5-6: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE Reading 5-6 is the development of oral and silent reading proficiency. Students are taught to recognize and analyze an author's use of literary elements, identify persuasive techniques, and analyze poetry selections. Students are taught to analyze both fiction and non-fiction. Required reading: Of Mice and Men, To Kill a Mockingbirs. In conjunction with LCCE Reading 1-2 and 3-4, this course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE English 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE English 1-2 is the development of English writing proficiency along with effective oral presentation skills and reading strategies. The composition pieces include the personal narrative and personal letter. Students also learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing and locate resources in the media center. This course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE English 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE English 3-4 is the development of English writing proficiency along with effective oral presentation skills and reading strategies. The composition pieces include resume, cover letter, application form, worksplace documents such as memos and letter of complaint. Students also learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing and locate resources in the media center. This course is aligned to the Drizona Academic Standards.

LCCE English 5-6: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE English 5-6 is the development of English writing proficiency along with effective oral presentation skills and reading strategies. the composition pieces include poem, process paragraph, and brochure. Students also learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing and locate resources in the media center. This course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE English 7-8: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE English 7-8 is the development of English writing proficiency along with effective oral presentation skills and reading strategies. The composition pieces include poem, letters of recommendations and exit resume. Students also learn to apply correct language conventions in their writing and locate resources in the media center. This course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE Math 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE Math 1-2 is the development of basic math proficiency. Students are taught basic addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fraction and decimal operations. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. The course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE Math 3-4: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE Math 3-4 is the development of basic math proficiency. Students are taught addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, fractions, and decimal operations in the context of life skills. The units include: money, traveling, using percent, working with interest, and insurance. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. This course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE Math 5-6: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE Math 5-6 is the development of math skills used in the workplace. Students are taught money management, benefits, expenses, banking, and insurance. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. This course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

LCCE Math 7-8: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of LCCE Math 7-8 is the development of pre-algebra skill proficiency. Students are taught the concepts of pre-algebra, basic probability, and graphing. The student will be required to demonstrate knowledge of these skills and their application within and without the field of mathematics. This course is aligned to the Arizona Academic Standards.

Life Skills Vocational/Transition: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of Life Skills Vocational/Transition is on career exploration for post high school employment or post secondary education. Students complete activities that include exploration of career options and work readiness skills. This course is aligned to the Arizona Worksplace Standards and the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act transition requirements.

Life Skills Careers: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP).
The focus of Life Skills careers is on the development of work readiness skills for post high school employment. Students complete activities that focus on selecting and planning occupational choices, exhibiting appropriate work habits and behavior, and seeking and securing employment. This course is aligned to the Arizona Workplace Standards and the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act transition requirements.

Life Skills Field Exploration: Grades 11-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Self-contained Special Education need as determined by assessment and the student's Individual Education Plan (IEP). Student must be presently enrolled in or have completed the Life Skills Careers course.
The course consists of job shadowing experiences for students in the Life Skills program. this course is aligned to the Arizona Workplace Standards and the requirements of the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act transition requirements.

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Visual Arts

Art 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
An introductory course designed to meet the needs of the student. Art principles are explained and class units explore their use. A variety of media is used including pencil, ink, watercolor, and paint. The work includes color theory, perspective, lettering, basic design, drawing, painting, and three-dimensional design.

Art 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Art 1-2
An in-depth exploration of composition, watercolor, drawing, painting, grapics, and sculpture.

Advanced Art: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Art 1-2
Students increase their skills through experimentation and research into the numerous media of art in a studio atmosphere. This course may be repeated for credit.

Photography 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Students learn the basics of picture taking, film processing and making fine enlargements; and build a strong foundation for further work in photography (photojournalism, studio or industrial) by studying photo-theory, lighting techniques, darkroom practices, display fundamentals and photo-criticism.

Three-Dimensional Design 1-2: Grades 9-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
This is an introductory course to the visual arts which students will produce three-dimensional sculptures in a variety of media such as ceramics, woods, metals, and other materials. This course emphasizes the creative use of the elements of art and principles of design

Three-Dimensional Design 3-4: Grades 10-12, 2 Semesters, 1 Credit
Prerequisite: Three-Dimensional Design 1-2
Students will increase their three-dimensional design skills through experiementation and research into a variety of advanced media applications. Knowledge and skills attained may lead to the opportunity, with instructor approval, to participate in the College Board's Advanced Placement Program.

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